Eye Injuries: Eye injuries range from the very minor, such as getting soap in the eye, to the catastrophic, resulting in permanent loss of vision. Treatment of eye injuries depends on the nature of the injury. Prompt evaluation and treatment is necessary to protect vision.
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Black EyeA black eye is a common injury to the face. Most cases of a black eye occur due to an blow to the face by another person or an object. Other causes of swelling around the eye include bug bites, skin infections, allergic reactions, and teeth infections. Treatment for a black eye is generally ice, rest, and OTC pain medications.
Hyphema (Bleeding in Eye)Hyphema is bleeding in the eye. Trauma to the eye can cause bleeding in the front (or anterior chamber) of the eye between the cornea and the iris. This may put a person at risk for glaucoma later in life.
Chemical Eye BurnsChemical burns to the eye or eyelid make up roughly 10% of all eye injuries. Depending on the type of chemical and how long the eye was exposed to it, chemical eye burns can cause complete loss of sight and can be permanently debilitating.
Contact LensesContact lenses are miraculous pieces of plastic that allow you to see without glasses. In most cases, contact lenses are used as a substitute for glasses, allowing you to dispense with them in many situations.
Corneal AbrasionA corneal abrasion is a painful scrape or scratch of the surface of the clear part of the eye. This clear tissue of the eye is known as the cornea. Antibiotic and anesthetic eyedrops are typically used in treatment.
Corneal Flash BurnsThe clear cornea at the front of the eye absorbs most of the ultraviolet light that enters the eye. Because of this role, the cornea is susceptible to damage from the sun, welding torches, photographers flashes and other UV sources. Such injury can result in changes in vision, loss of vision, and pain.
Corneal UlcerThe cornea, which is the bulbous, transparent structure that encloses the pupil and iris of the eye, can sometimes develop sores called corneal ulcers. Often, a corneal ulcer may be caused by bacteria, in which case, antibiotics are used for treatment. Eyedrops and oral medications may be prescribed to ease pain.
Foreign Body, EyeA foreign body in the eye can range from nothing serious to a serious condition that requires immediate treatment. A foreign body in the eye may cause burning, irritation, tearing, and redness. Treatment depends on the extent of the eye injury.
Eye PainEye pain has many causes, signs, symptoms, and treatments. It's also described as pain behind the eye, eye socket pain, or shooting pain in the eye. Headaches and sinusitis can be causes of eye pain.
Glaucoma OverviewGlaucoma can be caused by a number of eye diseases that can damage the optic nerve, typically by elevating pressure inside the eye, which is called intraocular pressure (IOP) or ocular hypertension. Symptoms begin slowly and include vision loss and irregularities, eye pain, headache, nausea, and vomiting. Beta-blockers, Alpha-adrenergic agonists, and prostaglandin analogs are drugs used to treat glaucoma. Sometimes surgery is necessary, especially with congenital glaucoma. The disease is not curable but can be managed.
IritisIritis, or anterior uveitis, is an inflammation on the front part of the eye called the iris. The iris is the colored part of the eye that opens and closes the pupil of the eye. Trauma, infections, or autoimmune problems can all cause iritis. Iritis is typically treated with eyedrops or pills.
Subconjunctival Hemorrhage (Bleeding in Eye)Subconjunctival hemorrhage (bleeding in eye) is a bursting of small blood vessels in the sclera, or white part of the eye, located under the thin, moist membrane that covers the eye called the conjunctiva. The hemorrhage appears as a red blotch in the white of the eye.
Eye Foreign Body A foreign body in the eye can range from nothing serious to a serious condition that requires immediate treatment. A foreign body in the eye may cause burning, irritation, tearing, and redness. Treatment depends on the extent of the eye injury.
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