Doctor's Notes on Facial Fracture
A facial fracture refers to any injury that results in a bone or bones of the face being broken. Common causes of facial fractures can include car accidents, sports injuries, falls, and assaults.
Symptoms of facial fracture that are common to any fractured bone include pain, swelling, and bruising. Other symptoms of facial fracture are specific to the part of the face that is injured. Symptoms of a broken nose include swelling, tenderness, deformity, and nosebleed. Fracture of the bones inside the nose may cause the brain to connect with the outside environment and symptoms may include persistent nosebleed or a clear nasal discharge. Symptoms of a broken jaw include jaw pain, tenderness, inability to bring the teeth together properly, and bruising under the tongue. Symptoms of midface fracture include inability to bring the teeth together properly, visual problems, clear nasal discharge, bruising around the eyes, and in severe cases, difficulty breathing. Symptoms of cheekbone fracture include flatness of the cheek, altered sensation underneath the eye on the affected side, visual complaints, pain with jaw movement, and blood in the side of the eye on the affected side. Symptoms of eye socket fracture include sunken eye, altered sensation beneath the affected eye, and double vision. Symptoms of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation include jaw deviation and an inability to close the mouth.
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Broken Nose: Symptoms, Pictures, Surgery, and Healing TimeA broken nose (nasal fracture) is any crack or fracture in the bony portion of the nose. Causes of a broken nose include fights, sports injuries, motor vehicle accidents, and falls. Symptoms of a broken nose include tenderness when touching the nose, bruised nose, black eye, nosebleed, and difficulty breathing through the nostrils. Treatment for a broken nose depends on the severity of the fracture.
CT Scan (CAT Scan, Computerized Axial Tomography)What is a CT scan? Computerized tomography scans (CT scans) are important diagnostic tools for a variety of medical conditions. Some areas of the body frequently evaluated by CT scans include the brain, neck, spine, chest, abdomen, pelvis, and sinuses. The CT scan process uses X-rays and a computer to produce cross-sectional images of the body.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a scanner that takes cross-sectional images of the body. It is used to evaluate tissues of the head, neck, chest, limbs, abdomen, and pelvis. MRI is a very safe procedure; sedation may be used for infants, small children, or adults who are claustrophobic.
X-RaysX-Rays are a form of radiation used to image solid forms inside the body. X-rays are administered by radiologists for many different routine tests, such as mammograms, checking for broken bones, upper GI series, and dental exams, among others. Radiologists carefully monitor the X-ray equipment to make sure the patient receives the smallest dose of radiation possible.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.