Doctor's Notes on Facial Fracture
A facial fracture refers to any injury that results in a bone or bones of the face being broken. Common causes of facial fractures can include car accidents, sports injuries, falls, and assaults.
Symptoms of facial fracture that are common to any fractured bone include pain, swelling, and bruising. Other symptoms of facial fracture are specific to the part of the face that is injured. Symptoms of a broken nose include swelling, tenderness, deformity, and nosebleed. Fracture of the bones inside the nose may cause the brain to connect with the outside environment and symptoms may include persistent nosebleed or a clear nasal discharge. Symptoms of a broken jaw include jaw pain, tenderness, inability to bring the teeth together properly, and bruising under the tongue. Symptoms of midface fracture include inability to bring the teeth together properly, visual problems, clear nasal discharge, bruising around the eyes, and in severe cases, difficulty breathing. Symptoms of cheekbone fracture include flatness of the cheek, altered sensation underneath the eye on the affected side, visual complaints, pain with jaw movement, and blood in the side of the eye on the affected side. Symptoms of eye socket fracture include sunken eye, altered sensation beneath the affected eye, and double vision. Symptoms of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation include jaw deviation and an inability to close the mouth.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.