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Fever in Children (cont.)

Prognosis of Fever in Children

The prognosis for a child with a fever is excellent.

  • Most illnesses that cause fever last three to seven days.
  • Sometimes, treatment of bacterial infections fails at home, and a child will need to be hospitalized.
  • Meningitis and bacterial blood infections have a much more serious prognosis than the far more common viral infections.


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Chiappini, E., N. Principi, R. Longhi, P.A. Tovo, P. Becherucci, F. Bonsignori, et al. "Management of Fever in Children: Summary of the Italian Pediatric Society Guidelines." Clin Ther 31 (2009): 1826-1843.

Ely, J.W.,  and M. Seabury Stone. "The Generalized Rash: Part II. Diagnostic Approach." Am Fam Physician 81 (2010): 735-739.

Goldstein, B., B. Giroir, and A. Randolph.  "International Pediatric Sepsis Consensus Conference: Definitions for Sepsis and Organ Dysfunction in Pediatrics." Pediatr Crit Care Med 6 (2005): 2-8.

Kimia, A.A., A.J. Capraro, D. Hummel, P. Johnston, and M.B. Harper. "Utility of Lumbar Puncture for First Smple Febrile Seizure Among Children 6 to 18 Months of Age." Pediatrics 123 (2009): 6-12.

Paulus, S., and S. Dobson. "Febrile Neutropenia in Children With Cancer." Adv Exp Med Biol 634 (2009): 185-204.

Pierce, C.A., and B. Voss. "Efficacy and Safety of Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen in Children and Adults: A Meta-analysis and Qualitative Review." Ann Pharmacother 44 (2010): 489-506.

Tolan Jr., R.W. "Fever of Unknown Origin: A Diagnostic Approach to This Vexing Problem." Clin Pediatr (Phila) 49 (2010): 207-213.

Last Editorial Review: 7/22/2015

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