Symptoms and Signs of Finger Injuries

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 7/18/2022

Doctor's Notes on Finger Injuries

Finger injuries are trauma or damage to any of the structures within the fingers, including:

  • bones,
  • ligaments,
  • tendons,
  • blood vessels,
  • nails,
  • nerves,
  • soft tissues, or
  • skin.

Accidents, sports injuries, and repetitive motion or normal wear and tear are common causes of finger injuries. Finger injury can include strains, dislocations, and fractures of the bone.

The signs and symptoms of a finger injury depend on the severity and type of injury as well as the exact location of the damage; however, common symptoms and signs can include:

  • Mild to severe pain in the finger
  • Redness
  • Warmth
  • Swelling
  • Deformity of a finger or joint
  • Difficulty moving the fingers

Other associated signs and symptoms can include discoloration of the skin, pain or tenderness, bruising, and inability to perform tasks with the hand.

What is the treatment for finger injuries?

Treatment for finger injury depends both on the location and the severity of the injury, including whether other structures are also injured. Treatments may include:

  • Splinting or immobilization of the involved finger
  • Reduction of bone fractures or dislocations
  • Surgery, in certain cases
  • Pain control medications
  • Antibiotics if infection is suspected (such as with an open wound)
  • Resting and elevating the affected area
  • Suturing to repair cuts or gashes
  • Drainage of abscesses or localized infections

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REFERENCE:

Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.