Must Read Articles:
CoughsA cough is a symptom of an underlying disease or condition. A chronic or persistent cough may signal certain lung conditions that should be evaluated by a healthcare professional. Common causes of coughs include infection, allergies, lung disease, medications, and GERD (reflux). Acute coughs are categorized as infectious or non-infectious. Chronic cough (persistent cough) have a variety of causes and should be evaluated by physician. Treatment of cough, acute cough, chronic or persistent cough depends on the cause of the cough.
Fever in AdultsA fever is a body temperature of 100.4 F or greater. A fever may be caused by a virus, bacteria, fungus, blood clot, tumor, drug, or the environment. Treatment of fever in adults usually involves ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin.
Flu VaccineFlu vaccines may be composed of weakened live flu viruses or killed viruses that protect a person from developing influenza once administered. Reactions to the seasonal flu and H1N1 flu nasal-spray vaccines and shots include headache, nasal congestion, low-grade fever, sore throat, and muscle cramps.
H1N1 Nasal Spray VaccineThe H1N1 nasal spray vaccine 2009 is an attenuated (live virus) vaccine to prevent the H1N1 influenza (swine flu). There are certain groups of individuals who should not receive this vaccine.
Mild HeadacheMild headaches and tension headaches are common but usually do not represent a serious illness. They result from irritation or injury to pain-sensing structures of the head. Symptoms of mild headache pain include aching, squeezing, or bandlike pain, on both sides of the head, generally above the level of the eyebrows. Treatment includes a variety of self-care measures and over-the-counter medications.
Immunization Schedule, AdultsAt least 45,000 adults in the United States die of complications of influenza, pneumococcal infections, and hepatitis B each year. Adults need the following vaccines: chickenpox, hepatitis B, MMR, Td/Tdap, flu, shingles, and pneumococcal.
Immunizations and Antibiotics for Oversea TravelMost immunizations are not required under International Health Requirements but are recommended. Anyone lacking certain region- or country-specific immunizations may be denied entry into or exit from a country.
Sore ThroatSore throats are generally named for the anatomical site affected, such as: the pharynx, tonsils, adenoids, larynx, and epiglottis. Sore throat treatment depends on the cause, infection, viral, or fungal.
Swine FluPrior to 2009, swine flu was a form of influenza that predominately affected swine. The virus was not easily transmitted to humans. However, the swine flu virus has mutated, allowing for person-to-person transmission. Swine flu symptoms include fever, sore throat, and cough. Infected individuals may also experience fatigue, headache, chills, or body aches. Lab testing is needed to confirm a diagnosis of swine flu. Treatment may involve oseltamivir or zanimivir.
Expert Views and News
- When Viruses Collide: Flu Season During Pandemic
- Influenza Vaccination Critical During Pandemic
- COVID-19 vs. Flu: Blood Clots in Lungs
- Influenza Activity Remains High, Still Rising
- Coronavirus Is Bad But Flu Is Still Worse
- Flu Shot a Mismatch for Main Strain
- Flu Season Worsens Early, More Deaths Reported
- Flu Season Is Here Early, Hitting Seniors, Kids
- Flu Vaccine Recommendations Updated by CDC
- Influenza Season Winds Down, but Not Done Yet, CDC
- Influenza Season Now Longest in a Decade, CDC
- Influenza Picking Up Speed Across US
- Influenza Season Has Officially Begun, CDC Says
- Should Flu Vaccine Be Mandatory for Medical Staff?
- Almost Half of U.S. Adults to Skip Flu Shot
- Almost Half of Americans to Skip Flu Shot
- Influenza Activity in US Rises Slightly
- Nurse Fired for Refusing Flu Shot, Protestors Say
- Several Influenza Deaths in US
- Flu Caused 80,000 Deaths in US Last Year
- Acetaminophen Overdosing Common With Cold/Flu
- Drug That Claims to Kill Flu as Soon as 1 Day
- Nasal Flu Vaccine Back on CDC List of Vaccines
- Influenza Hospitalizations Highest on Record
- Doctors Underdiagnosing Flu Among Older Patients
- Flu Intensity, IV Bag Shortage
- Flu Vaccine Safe for Persons With Egg Allergy
- Seasonal Flu Deaths More Common Worldwide
- Influenza Activity Increasing in United States
- Experts Warn of Severe Influenza in 2017-2018
- Four in 10 Healthcare Personnel Work While Sick
- Flu Vaccination Rates Among Healthcare Workers
- High-Dose Vaccine During Severe Flu Season
- Fate of Lesser-Known Obamacare Benefits Not Known
- CDC: Flu Season Has Started, Could Be Severe
- Flu Vaccine Coverage Remains Low This Year
- More Doctors Willing to Hide Mistakes, Survey Says
- Who Should Get Vaccinated This Season?
- Should Nasal Spray Flu Vaccine Be Used?
- Flu Vaccine Nearly 60 Percent Effective
- Early Flu Treatment Helps Older People
- Flu Vaccine Just 18% Effective This Year
- Flu Remains Widespread in Much of U.S.
- CDC: Flu Vaccine Not Very Effective This Season
- Flu Season May Not Have Peaked: CDC
- Flu: Bad Season Getting Worse
- Flu Activity Up, Some Schools Closing
- Early Data Suggests Potentially Severe Flu Season
- This Year's Flu Vaccine Less Effective Than Hoped
- Survey Reveals Concerns Over Ebola
- Flu Season is Around the Corner
- Are You at High Risk for Serious Illness from Flu?
- Tamiflu Shortage Again
- Antibacterial Soaps & Body Washes: FAQ
- New Choices for Seasonal Flu Vaccines
- 2012-2013 Flu Season Drawing to a Close
- Flu Vaccine Rates Are High for 2 Seasons in a Row
- Flu: Most People With It Don't Stay Home
- Flu Is Widespread in 11 States
Flu in Adults Topic Guide - Visuals
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Flu in Adults Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Oseltamivir is an antiviral medication that blocks the actions of influenza virus types A and B in your body...learn more »
Zanamivir is an antiviral medicine that blocks the actions of viruses in your body...learn more »
Acetaminophen is a pain reliever and a fever reducer...learn more »
Rimantadine is an antiviral medicine used to treat or prevent influenza A in people who are at least 17 years old. Rimantadine is also used to pre...learn more »
Amantadine is an antiviral medicine that blocks the actions of viruses in your body...learn more »