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Earwax, or cerumen, is a substance produced by the glands in the outer ear. Earwax has a purpose, and that is to trap dust and other small particles and prevent them from potentially damaging the eardrum. Causes of earwax buildup, blockage, or impaction include using Q tips or other objects to remove earwax. Symptoms of earwax buildup or blockage include
- decreased hearing,
- a fullness or plugged feeling in the ear,
- ear pain,
- dizziness, or
- ringing in the ear.
Home remedies, over-the-counter (OTC) medication (drops), and excess earwax buildup and blockage removal by your health-care professional are treatments for earwax buildup.