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The doctor will take a history in order to gather information on the events of the exposure and the medical condition prior to the cold injury.
A good prognosis is heralded by intact sensation, normal skin color, blisters with clear fluid, the ability to deform the skin with pressure, and the skin becoming pink when thawed.
Blisters with dark fluid, skin turning dark blue when thawed, and an inability to indent the skin with pressure indicate a poor prognosis.
The first step for a person who may have frostbite is to call for medical help. If you are in an area that has an emergency medical alert system such as 911, while attending to the injured person, have someone call 911 and best explain the condition of the patient. Remove all wet clothing from the affected area, and elevate the area higher than the heart if possible to avoid swelling. Keep the person dry and warm. If they are immobile, and unable to walk try to keep the person busy with conversation. Keep the body warm and dry if possible.
Frostbite Self-Care at Home
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/17/2017
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