Symptoms and Signs of Fungal Skin Infection vs. Eczema: Differences

Doctor's Notes on Fungal Skin Infection vs. Eczema: Differences

The fungus Candida (commonly referred to as a yeast infection) commonly causes fungal skin infections, though some other types of fungi also may cause infection. Examples of fungal skin infections include diaper rash, systemic candidiasis, candidal paronychia, and body rash. Eczema (also called eczematous dermatitis) is a common skin condition that causes skin irritation and inflammation.

Symptoms and signs of candidal fungal infections and eczema that are similar include

  • skin redness,
  • itching (may be intense), and
  • red rash.

Signs and symptoms of fungal skin infections vary depending on the location of the infection and may also include

  • softened red skin in body fold areas,
  • hot and painful skin, and
  • discoloration of the fingernails and toenails.

Symptoms and signs of eczema also include

  • bumps that itch and burn,
  • painful cracks in the skin,
  • puffy/red/itching eyelids, and
  • oozing or crusty sores.

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 4/30/2020


Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.