Reviewed by John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP on January 15, 2019
Test your Knowledge!
- Most of the time gallstones do not have any symptoms. True or false?
- What are risk factors for gallstones?
- What is a gall bladder attack?
- Gallstones are a serious medical issue. True or false?
- How are gallstones usually diagnosed?
- How do you treat gallstones?
- You can pass gallstones on your own. True or false?
- Left untreated, gallstones can cause infection. True or false?
- Gallstones may be prevented by eating a diet high in fiber. True or false?
- Gallstones be prevented. True or false?
- Improve your Health I.Q. on Gallstones
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Q:Most of the time gallstones do not have any symptoms. True or false?
A:Gallstones are small stones that form inside the gallbladder. Most of the time gallstones do not have any symptoms, but when symptoms do occur they may include:
Q:What are risk factors for gallstones?
A:Risk factors for developing gallstones include:
Q:What is a gall bladder attack?
A:A gallbladder attack refers to symptoms of gallstones and can often happen after eating a fatty meal.
The most common sign of a gallbladder attack is pain in the upper right abdomen, just under the rib cage. Pain may also be felt in the upper center of the belly, or in the lower chest.
Other symptoms of a gallbladder attach include:
Q:Gallstones are a serious medical issue. True or false?
A:Gallstones themselves are not usually serious. In most cases people have no symptoms. But in rare cases they can result in serious problems, such as:
Q:How are gallstones usually diagnosed?
A:Gallstones are typically diagnosed by use of ultrasound imaging.
This is a painless test that uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the gallbladder and to see if stones are present.
However, since gallstones often do not cause symptoms, it is possible symptoms may be a result of another condition and a doctor may order other tests to determine the cause of your symptoms.
Q:How do you treat gallstones?
A:If you have gallstones but no symptoms, you do not need treatment. When needed, choosing a treatment depends on how severe your symptoms are and how large the stones are.
Medications may help break up the gallstones while keeping the gallbladder. Medications are only effective on some types of gallstones, and they can take a long time to work. Shock wave therapy can also be used to help break up the stones while preserving the gallbladder. Stones often recur after using medications or shock wave therapy.
Surgery to remove the gallbladder (cholecystectomy) may be recommended. Gallstones do not come back if the gallbladder is removed. Some people may have more frequent bowel movements following gallbladder removal surgery.
Q:You can pass gallstones on your own. True or false?
A:Small gallstones can sometimes pass on their own.
If stones are small enough, they may exit the gallbladder and pass through the bile ducts, into the intestine, where they are then excreted in your stool.
When gallstones become stuck in the gallbladder or bile ducts they can cause pain, obstructions, and infections.
Q:Left untreated, gallstones can cause infection. True or false?
A:If gallstones are not treated, they can get bigger and may lead to complications such as:
Q:Gallstones may be prevented by eating a diet high in fiber. True or false?
A:To help prevent gallstones, eat a high fiber diet including:
Q:Gallstones be prevented. True or false?
Gallstones may be prevented in some cases by:
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