Doctor's Notes on Gastritis
Gastritis is a term that refers to inflammation of the stomach lining due to any cause. Gastritis may come on suddenly (acute) or develop and persist over time (chronic). There are two main causes of gastritis: infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and taking and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Other diseases and conditions can less commonly cause the condition.
Some people do not have symptoms of gastritis. When symptoms do occur, signs and symptoms associated with gastritis include:
Other possible symptoms include:
What Is the Treatment for Gastritis?
Treatment for gastritis depends in part on the exact cause and may involve the following measures:
- Antacid medications or other medications like H2 blockers or proton pump inhibitors that decrease stomach acid
- Antibiotics if an H. pylori infection is present
- Avoiding spicy foods and any other foods that cause symptoms or irritation
- Vitamin B12 shots, if the gastritis is caused by a condition known as pernicious anemia
- Avoiding pain relievers that may worsen the condition
- Avoiding alcohol consumption
Pancreatitis : Test Your Medical IQ QuizQuestion
Pancreatitis is inflammation of an organ in the abdomen called the pancreas.See Answer
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H. pylori Infection (Helicobacter Pylori)Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) are bacteria that cause widespread infection. H. pylori may cause symptoms such as inflammation of the stomach and duodenum, ulcers, upper abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting, and severe bleeding in the GI tract. However, H. pylori infection may cause no symptoms at all. H. pylori infection may be caused by unsanitary conditions, and is spread by saliva. Treatment includes medications.
Indigestion (Upset Stomach)Indigestion (dyspepsia, non-acid dyspepsia) is a description for a feeling of fullness and/or discomfort in the upper abdomen. Symptoms of indigestion can include heartburn, belching, bloating, and nausea. Causes of indigestion can be disease, conditions, medication, and lifestyle factors. Treatment of indigestion depends on the cause.
Pernicious Anemia (Vitamin B-12 Deficiency)Pernicious anemia (vitamin B-12 deficiency) is a type of anemia that is a result of the body's inability to absorb vitamin B-12 into the gastrointestinal tract. Common symptoms are fatigue and shortness of breath. Causes of pernicious anemia can be attributed to autoimmune diseases such as thyroid disorders, vitiligo, celiac disease, Crohn's disease, and infection and poor nutrition. Treatment for pernicious anemia is generally with life-long vitamin B-12 injections.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.