Symptoms and Signs of Gastritis

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 10/22/2021

Doctor's Notes on Gastritis

Gastritis is a term that refers to inflammation of the stomach lining due to any cause. Gastritis may come on suddenly (acute) or develop and persist over time (chronic). There are two main causes of gastritis: infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and taking and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).  Other diseases and conditions can less commonly cause the condition.

Some people do not have symptoms of gastritis. When symptoms do occur, signs and symptoms associated with gastritis include:

Other possible symptoms include:

The stool may test positive for the presence of blood. Smokingalcohol use, and caffeine can all aggravate the symptoms of gastritis.

What Is the Treatment for Gastritis?

Treatment for gastritis depends in part on the exact cause and may involve the following measures:

  • Antacid medications or other medications like H2 blockers or proton pump inhibitors that decrease stomach acid
  • Antibiotics if an H. pylori infection is present
  • Avoiding spicy foods and any other foods that cause symptoms or irritation
  • Vitamin B12 shots, if the gastritis is caused by a condition known as pernicious anemia
  • Avoiding pain relievers that may worsen the condition
  • Avoiding alcohol consumption

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REFERENCE:

Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.