Symptoms and Signs of GERD FAQs
(Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease )

Doctor's Notes on GERD FAQs
(Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease )

An answer to the common question What is GERD?” is that GERD is a condition in which stomach contents, including acid, backup (reflux) from the stomach into the esophagus and sometimes even the throat, causing the esophagus to become irritated and/or inflamed. GERD is also known as acid indigestion. The main sign and symptoms of GERD is frequent heartburn with pain or burning sensation in the stomach and/or upper abdomen. Other signs and symptoms of GERD may include regurgitation of acid into throat, taste in the mouth, a persistent dry cough, hoarseness, tightness in the throat, wheezing, bad breath and in some patients, feeling like a piece of food is stuck in the throat. Some burning symptoms start about 30 to 60 minutes after eating and can last as long as a couple of hours.

Causes of GERD include the following: a person’s lifestyle (smoking, obesity, excessive alcohol intake, eating large meals close to bed time), some medications like NSAIDs, foods (for example fried foods, spicy foods, citrus fruits, tomatoes, chocolate, garlic, onions, caffeine and mint) and medical conditions (for example hiatal hernia, pregnancy, diabetes).

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019


Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.