Doctor's Notes on Genital Herpes
Genital herpes is an infection of the genital area in men or women caused by the herpes simplex (HSV) viruses. Genital herpes is more commonly caused by the HSV type 2 (HSV-2) than HSV-1, which more often causes cold sores of the mouth.
Genital herpes causes symptoms that occur in outbreaks and recur over time. The virus remains dormant in the body between outbreaks. It is possible to be infected with genital herpes and not show symptoms at a given time. When symptoms (outbreaks) do occur, these include a red, blistering, intensely painful rash on the genitals. Other symptoms can include ulcer formation after the blisters burst and a tingling, itching, or burning sensation in the skin prior to an outbreak.
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CervicitisCervicitis is inflammation of a woman's cervix, and may be caused by STD's or injuries to the cervix. Cervicitis symptoms include vaginal discharge, bleeding, itching, and itching; lower back pain; and pain during intercourse. Treatment of cervicitis is generally with prescribed antibiotics.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the most common infectious diseases in the United States. STDs can be spread through any type of sexual activity involving the sex organs, the anus or mouth, or through contact with blood during sexual activity. Examples of STDs include, chancroid, chlamydia, gonorrhea, granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, syphilis, genital herpes, genital warts, hepatitis B, trichomoniasis, pubic lice (crabs), and scabies.Treatment is generally with antibiotics; however, some STDs that go untreated can lead to death.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.