Genital warts (HPV) are growths in the genital area of both men and women. Genital warts are contagious and are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Symptoms of genital warts may be none, to painless bumps, itching, and/or a discharge. There is no single effective cure for genital warts. Treatments and medication may decrease the size of the warts or temporarily remove them.
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Anal ItchingAnal itching is a common problem experienced by both men and women. Examples of causes of anal itching include irritants such as perfumes, chemicals, or dyes in toilet paper, food irritants, infections, and hemorrhoids. There are risk factors for anal itching such as diseases, profuse sweating, fecal soilage, and more. Anal itching in general can be treated at home with OTC medications if necessary.
Cervical CancerCervical cancer can be cured if it is detected and treated early. Risk factors for cervical cancer include HPV infection, smoking, oral contraceptive use, and having a weakened immune system. Treatment for cervical cancer includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation.
CervicitisCervicitis is inflammation of a woman's cervix, and may be caused by STD's or injuries to the cervix. Cervicitis symptoms include vaginal discharge, bleeding, itching, and itching; lower back pain; and pain during intercourse. Treatment of cervicitis is generally with prescribed antibiotics.
Immunization Schedule, ChildrenVaccinations are some of the most important tools available for preventing disease. Most children get all their shots during childhood. Parents should consult their doctors about which vaccines their children should have and when. Keep track of your children's immunizations yourself.
Immunization Schedule, AdultsAt least 45,000 adults in the United States die of complications of influenza, pneumococcal infections, and hepatitis B each year. Adults need the following vaccines: chickenpox, hepatitis B, MMR, Td/Tdap, flu, shingles, and pneumococcal.
Pap SmearA Pap smear test can detect certain viral infections that are known to cause cervical cancer. There are few risks during a Pap smear procedure. Types of abnormal Pap test results include atypical squamous cells; atypical grandular cells; endocervical adenocarcinoma in situ; low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion; high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion. Pap smear is recommended even for women in menopause or who are postmenopausal.
Sexually Transmitted DiseasesSexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the most common infectious diseases in the United States. STDs can be spread through any type of sexual activity involving the sex organs, the anus or mouth, or through contact with blood during sexual activity. Examples of STDs include, chancroid, chlamydia, gonorrhea, granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, syphilis, genital herpes, genital warts, hepatitis B, trichomoniasis, pubic lice (crabs), and scabies.Treatment is generally with antibiotics; however, some STDs that go untreated can lead to death.
STDs in Men (Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Men)Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including intercourse (vaginal or anal), oral sex, and the sharing of sexual devices, such as vibrators. Although treatment exists for many STDs, others currently are usually incurable, such as those caused by HIV, HPV, hepatitis B and C, and HHV-8.
Expert Views and News
- Screen for Cervical Cancer Every 3 Years
- HPV Vaccine Uptake Low Despite Need for Action
- FDA Expands Gardasil to Cover Adults to Age 45
- Top HPV-Associated Cancer Is Now Oropharyngeal
- Catch-up HPV Vaccination Effective for Women
- Half of US Men Have Penile HPV
- 42% of US Adults Infected with Genital HPV
- HPV Test for Primary Cervical Cancer Screening
- Could the HPV Test Replace the Pap Test?
- Voluntary Recall of Gardasil HPV Vaccine
- HPV Vaccine Helping Lower HPV Infection in Teens
- HPV Vaccine Not Linked to Promiscuity in Girls
- Study: HPV Vaccine Doesn't Encourage Risky Sexual Activity
- Males 11-21 Should Get Gardasil HPV Vaccine
- Survey: Younger Doctors More Skeptical of Vaccines
- Guidelines Suggest Less Frequent Screening for Cervical Cancer
- Vaccines for Teens: Still Room for Improvement
- Doctors Ignore Guidelines, Order Annual Pap Test
- HPV Vaccine Stops Throat Cancer?
- HPV Vaccine: Early Evidence of Impact
- FDA Approves New HPV Test
- Late Doses of HPV Vaccine May Still Be Effective
- Genital HPV in Men
- HPV Shot Prevents Genital Warts in Boys and Men