Gingivitis Treatment and Prevention
Removing the source of the infection is primarily how simple gingivitis is treated. Home treatment is key. Ultimately, these home remedies can lead to a cure for gingivitis.
- By brushing teeth regularly with a toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste approved by dentists, plaque buildup can be kept to a minimum.
- Flossing is another means of removing plaque in between teeth and other areas hard to reach.
- Regular checkups with a dentist are also important. A dentist is able to remove plaque and calculus (hardened plaque) that is too dense to be removed by a toothbrush or dental floss.
- Once a dentist removes plaque, regular brushing and flossing will minimize plaque formation. Even with good dental hygiene, plaque will begin to accumulate again.
- Correction of dental defects such as over contoured or poorly fitting restorations.
- Severe gingivitis may require antibiotics and consultation with a physician. Antibiotics are medications used to help the body's immune system fight bacterial infection and have been shown to reduce plaque. By reducing plaque, bacteria can be kept to a level manageable by the human immune system. Taking antibiotics is not without risks and should only be done after consultation with a dentist or doctor.
Most cases of simple gingivitis can be managed and reversed simply with good oral hygiene and regular dental appointments. With severe gingivitis, gum recession can require surgical repair.
Chronic gingivitis and periodontitis are felt by medical scientists to be risk factors for the development of rheumatoid arthritis.
REFERENCE:Last Editorial Review: 7/30/2015
Humes, H. David, et al. Kelley's Textbook of Internal Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000.
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