©2018 WebMD, Inc. All rights reserved. eMedicineHealth does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See Additional Information.

Symptoms and Signs of Gout

Doctor's Notes on Gout

Gout is a type of arthritis, or joint disease. It is caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals inside the joint cavity. This occurs when there are elevated levels of uric acid within the bloodstream. Elevated levels of uric acid (hyperuricemia) can be caused by genetic factors, obesity, chronic kidney problems, and talking certain medications such as diuretics (water pills).

An attack of gout usually comes on suddenly and occurs in one joint. The joint of the big toe is a common location, and gout frequently affects joints in the lower extremities. Symptoms of gouty arthritis include severe pain, redness, swelling, and warmth of the joint. Associated symptoms can include the development of hard nodules under the skin called tophi that consist of deposits of uric acid crystals.

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

Gout : What is Gout? Is There a Gout Diet? Quiz

Gout Quiz
Question

Gout is a form of arthritis.

See Answer

REFERENCE:

Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.

CONTINUE SCROLLING FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW