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Gynecomastia (cont.)

Will Surgery Cure Gynecomastia?

Patient Comments

When medical treatment is not effective, surgical removal of breast tissue has been used to treat gynecomastia. Both liposuction and direct excision techniques may be used. Gynecomastia surgery is generally safe, but as with any type of surgery, risks and complications can include infection, bleeding, and complications of anesthesia.

Can Gynecomastia Be Prevented?

Gynecomastia related to medical conditions can only be prevented to the extent that the underlying or responsible medical condition can be prevented.

Gynecomastia due to hormonal fluctuations that occur during growth or aging can generally not be prevented.

What's the Outlook for a Male with This Problem?

Fortunately, in many cases, gynecomastia goes away on its own without the need for specific treatment. Medical and surgical treatments can be effective for persistent gynecomastia. Typically, gynecomastia is not associated with long-term problems, but men with gynecomastia have an increased risk (about five-fold) for developing male breast cancer when compared with the general population. It is likely that the hormonal changes that produce gynecomastia in adult men also increase their risk of developing breast cancer.

What Does Gynecomastia Look Like?

Picture of male on the left with no gynecomastia and the male on the right with gynecomastia
Picture of male on the left with no gynecomastia and the male on the right with gynecomastia


Ladizinski, B., MD., et al. "Gynecomastia; Etiologies, Clinical Presentations, Diagnosis, and Management." South Med J. 2014;107(1):44-49.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/11/2017

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Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Gynecomastia (Enlarged Breast in Males):

Gynecomastia -- Patient Experience

Do you have gynecomastia? Tell us about your experience.

Gynecomastia - Causes

What was the cause of your enlarged breasts, and how did the condition affect you mental health?

Gynecomastia - Medications

What medications were successful in treating your gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia - Surgery

Did you have surgery for gynecomastia? Please tell us about your experience. Your recovery time, improvement in mental health, etc.

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