Hardening of the Arteries (cont.)
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Hardening of the Arteries Symptoms
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Arteriosclerosis often does not cause symptoms until the lumen of the affected artery is critically narrowed or is totally blocked.
The symptoms of arteriosclerosis are highly variable and can range from no symptoms (in the early stage of the disease) to heart attack or stroke (when the lumen of the artery is critically blocked). Sudden cardiac death can also be the first symptom of coronary heart disease.
Symptoms also depend on the location of the arteries affected by arteriosclerosis.
Shabir Bhimji, MD
Shehnaz Shaikh, MD
Alan D Forker, MD
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Atherosclerosis is a disease of large and medium-sized muscular arteries and is characterized by endothelial dysfunction, vascular inflammation, and the buildup of lipids, cholesterol, calcium, and cellular debris within the intima of the vessel wall.