Hardening of the Arteries Topic Guide
Atherosclerosis (Hardening of the Arteries): Atherosclerosis is the term referring to a hardening of the arteries caused by buildup of fat and cholesterol on the artery walls. The deposits, called plaque, can eventually block bloodflow. Obesity, high cholesterol, age and a number of other factors put people at risk for atherosclerosis. Treatment may include lifestyle changes, surgery, and medication.
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Coronary heart disease is caused by plaque buildup in the artery that provides blood and oxygen to the heart muscle. The plaque can block enough blood going to the heart muscle; causing heart attack, arrhythmia, and other serious and fatal complications. Symptoms of heart disease include:
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