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Symptoms and Signs of Heartburn Symptoms, Diet, Causes, Remedies, Treatment, and Cure

Doctor's Notes on Heartburn Symptoms, Diet, Causes, Remedies, Treatment, and Cure

Heartburn is a symptom that results from acid reflux, or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The pain of heartburn is caused by acid contents of the stomach passing or regurgitating back up into the esophagus (swallowing tube or food tube). It is not clear what caused this backup of acid into the esophagus. Lower esophageal sphincter abnormalities, abnormal muscle contractions of the esophagus, and slow or prolonged emptying of the stomach are believed to play a role in its cause. Heartburn is itself a symptom of GERD. Other signs and symptoms associated with GERD are nausea and regurgitation, or the sense that liquid stomach contents are being passed back up into the throat or mouth. The pain of heartburn is a burning type pain typically experienced in the middle chest.

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Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019


Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.