Hepatitis A (cont.)
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Hepatitis A Contagious Transmission
The hepatitis A virus is found predominantly in the stools (feces) of people with hepatitis A. HAV is transmitted when a person puts something in his or her mouth that has been contaminated with the feces of an affected person. This is referred to as fecal-oral transmission. However, variations of this primary way in which a contagious person transmits the disease are as follows:
People who are infected can start spreading the infection (shedding virus) about 1 week after their own exposure. People who do not have symptoms can still spread the virus. Infection with HAV is known to occur throughout the world.
People at increased risk for hepatitis A infection include:
Individuals who work in professions such as health care, food preparation, and sewage and waste water management are not at greater risk of infection than the general public.
People who live or work in close quarters, such as dormitories, prisons, and residential facilities; or work in or attend daycare facilities are at increased risk only if strict personal hygiene measures are not observed.
Hepatitis does not occur simply from being near someone who has the disease at work or at school.
When to Seek Medical Care for Hepatitis A
A health care practitioner should be contacted if any of the following symptoms occur:
The following situations also warrant a call to the health care practitioner:
If an individual cannot reach their primary health care practitioner and have any of the following symptoms they should go to an Emergency Department or an urgent care facility.
Last Reviewed 11/21/2017
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