Is Follow-up Needed After Hernia Treatment?
To lower the risk of a hernia becoming irreducible or strangulated, the sooner a reducible hernia is repaired the better.
Is It Possible to Prevent a Hernia?
You can do little to prevent areas of the abdominal wall from being or becoming weak, which can potentially become a site for a hernia.
What Is the Prognosis of a Hernia?
- Risk of strangulation: In considering when to have a reducible hernia surgically repaired, it is important for a patient to know the risk of strangulation.
- The risk varies with the location and size of the hernia and the length of time it has been present.
- In general, hernias with large sac contents with a relatively small opening are more likely to become strangulated.
- Hernias that have been present for many years may become irreducible.
- Operative complications: Complication rates vary according to whether the surgery was elective or emergent, the hernia size and location, as well as the techniques used (open surgery or laparoscopic)
- Most complications occur over the short term and are easily treatable.
- The hernia that comes back after initial surgical repair can be repaired by the same or an alternate method.
- Complications of hernia repair include
- recurrence (most common),
- urinary retention,
- wound infection,
- fluid build-up in scrotum (called hydrocele formation),
- scrotal hematoma (bruise), and
- testicular damage on the affected side (rare).
Elnahas, A., S.H. Kim, A. Okrainec, F. Quereshy, and T.D. Jackson. "Is laparoscopic repair of incarcerated abdominal hernias safe? Analysis of short-term outcomes." Surg Endosc 30.8 August 2016: 3262-3266.
Last Reviewed 9/11/2017
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