Symptoms and Signs of Hernia FAQ

Medical Author: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Medically Reviewed on 3/21/2019

Doctor's Notes on Hernia FAQ

Hernias occur when part of an abdominal organ or fatty tissue in the abdomen pushes through a weak spot or tear in the abdominal muscles or connective tissues. When the hernia occurs in the groin, it is called an inguinal hernia, which is the most common type of hernia. Other types of hernias include femoral (outer groin), umbilical (belly button), incisional (resulting from an incision), and hiatal (upper stomach).

Symptoms of hernias include a lump or tenderness and pressure or pain upon bending, coughing, or straining; a heavy feeling in the groin or abdomen, pain and swelling in the scrotum in men, pain with a bowel movement or during urination, pain when lifting or moving something heavy, and pain later in the day, especially if you have been standing a lot. In children, a parent may notice a lump when the baby cries or coughs or strains for a bowel movement.


Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.