Doctor's Notes on Hernia FAQ
Hernias occur when part of an abdominal organ or fatty tissue in the abdomen pushes through a weak spot or tear in the abdominal muscles or connective tissues. When the hernia occurs in the groin, it is called an inguinal hernia, which is the most common type of hernia. Other types of hernias include femoral (outer groin), umbilical (belly button), incisional (resulting from an incision), and hiatal (upper stomach).
Symptoms of hernias include a lump or tenderness and pressure or pain upon bending, coughing, or straining; a heavy feeling in the groin or abdomen, pain and swelling in the scrotum in men, pain with a bowel movement or during urination, pain when lifting or moving something heavy, and pain later in the day, especially if you have been standing a lot. In children, a parent may notice a lump when the baby cries or coughs or strains for a bowel movement.
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Hernia (Types, Symptoms, and Surgery)A hernia results when the contents of a body cavity bulge out of their normal area. There are many types of hernia, including inguinal, femoral, umbilical, incisional, Spigelian, obturator, and epigastric hernias. Hernias may be caused by coughing, obesity, heavy lifting, straining, fluid in the abdominal cavity, or chronic lung disease. Symptoms and signs include a lump or bulge, pain, and possible fever. Hernias are generally surgically repaired.
The Different Types of HerniasA hernia happens whenever a wall or membrane in the body weakens or ruptures, allowing organs to slip through. These can be painful, but are generally not serious and can be easily corrected with surgery. The types of abdominal hernias include: hiatal hernia, umbilical hernia, or incisional hernia.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.