High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Quiz: Symptoms, Signs & Causes

Reviewed by John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEPOctober 30, 2017
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
NEXT: Lowering High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure means that blood has difficulty reaching the heart.

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a disease that occurs when the blood flows through the arteries at a higher than normal pressure.

True False

Blood pressure refers to the force of blood pushing against:

Blood pressure refers to the force of blood pushing against the artery walls. High blood pressure causes the heart to have to work harder than usual, and unchecked it can lead to heart attack or stroke.

The heart Artery walls The brain Capillaries

What happens in the body when blood pressure is high?

Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body. Healthy arteries are flexible and can stretch as blood pumps through them. When blood pressure is high, the walls of the arteries are stretched beyond their limit, leading to damage and often scarring.

Walls of arteries gets stretched and damaged FalseThe body suffers a series of mild heart attacks

The two measurements of blood pressure determine…

Blood pressure measurements measure the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats and in between beats. These measurements can tell if your blood pressure is normal, high, or low. Blood pressure is expressed in two numbers, the systolic blood pressure (the firs/top number), which measures the pressure in the blood vessels when your heart beats. The diastolic blood pressure (the second/bottom number), measures the pressure in the blood vessels when the heart is at rest between beats. Normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg or lower. High blood pressure (hypertension) is 140/90 mmHg or more. Levels between 120/80 and 140/90 are considered prehypertension and mean a person is at high risk for developing high blood pressure.

Artery pressure due to heartbeats Artery pressure between heartbeats High, low, or normal blood pressure All of the above

Your blood pressure is 120/80: Which number indicates systolic pressure?

As explained in the previous slide, the systolic blood pressure is the top number in a blood pressure reading. Thus, if your blood pressure is measured as 120/80, your systolic pressure (the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats) is 120. Verbally, your doctor may say your blood pressure is "120 over 80." While both the systolic (top) and diastolic (bottom) numbers are important, the systolic measurement is usually given more attention because a high systolic reading can indicate a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, especially in people over age 50.

80 120 120 plus 80 120 minus 80

Hypertension is commonly called:

High blood pressure often has no symptoms and many people are unaware they have it, which is why it is sometimes referred to as the "silent killer." The only way to know for sure if you have high blood pressure is to get it checked by your doctor or other health care professional. Blood pressure is measured quickly and painlessly using a sphygmomanometer, which is a cuff that goes around the arm.

The stunt killer The stunt killer The secret killer The silent killer

High blood pressure can usually be cured.

There is no cure for most cases high blood pressure, but it can be effectively managed by changes in diet and lifestyle, and in some cases, medications. Lifestyle changes include a healthy diet with lower salt intake, regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, managing stress, not smoking, limiting alcohol intake, and taking prescription medications as directed.

True False

What is a normal blood pressure reading?

As discussed in Question 4, normal blood pressure is defined as 120/80 mmHg or less. Other important blood pressure ranges to know are:
- Prehypertension: 121-139/80-89
- Stage 1 hypertension: 140-159/90-99
- Stage 2 hypertension: >160/>100

Exercise, sleep, posture, and stress can all affect blood pressure readings, so if your blood pressure reading is high your doctor may take several readings over time to help confirm a diagnosis.

Less than 120 / 80 120-139 / 80-89 140-159 / 90-99 160+ / 100+

Hypertension is a common cause for erectile dysfunction (ED) in men.

Hypertension is a common cause for erectile dysfunction (ED) in men. When you have vascular disease such as hypertension, you have it all over your body and it can affect all bodily functions including erections. Adequate blood flow is needed to get and maintain an erection and any problems with blood flow can result in ED. This is why it's important men seek treatment for ED – it may be due to underlying medical conditions such as hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) or diabetes. Early detection of these diseases allows patients to receive treatment right away and possibly prevent complications.

True False

Sources: Sources

This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information: Disclaimer

© 1996-2023 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved.
Source quiz on MedicineNet

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors