High Cholesterol (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
What Are High Cholesterol Symptoms and Signs?
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High cholesterol is a risk factor for other illnesses and by itself does not cause symptoms. Routine screening blood tests may reveal elevate cholesterol levels in the blood.
When and whom should have their cholesterol checked?
The National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines suggest that everyone aged 20 years and older should have their blood cholesterol level measured at least once every 5 years. It is best to have a blood test called a lipoprotein profile to find out your cholesterol numbers.
Is There a Test for High Cholesterol?
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Cholesterol levels in the body are be measured by blood testing. In addition to cholesterol and its different types, triglyceride levels can also be included in a lipid (fat) profile.
The commonly measured part of the lipoprotein profile blood test includes:
What Do High Cholesterol Numbers Mean (Charts)?
High cholesterol is a risk factor for ASCVD including heart attack, TIA, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. The health-care professional and the patient can use the results to decide whether medications may be helpful in lowering cholesterol levels and decreasing the risk of future illness.
Blood test interpretation
Is High Cholesterol Dangerous (Risk Factors)?
High cholesterol is just one of several risk factors for coronary heart disease. A health-care professional will consider a person's overall risk when assessing their cholesterol levels and discussing treatment options.
Risk factors are conditions that increase a person's risk for developing heart disease. Some risk factors can be changed and others cannot. In general, the more risk factors a person has, the greater the chance of developing coronary heart disease. Some risk factors can be controlled; however, some cannot be controlled.
Risk factors that cannot be controlled include:
Risk factors that can be controlled include:
If a person has high lipoproteins and thus high cholesterol, their doctor will work with them to target their levels with dietary and drug treatment. Depending on a person's risk factors for heart disease, target goals may differ for lowering their LDL cholesterol.
What Are the Diet Guidelines for High Cholesterol?
The National Cholesterol Education Program has created dietary guidelines.
Foods may lower cholesterol levels in the body by different mechanisms. High fiber foods bind cholesterol and make it difficult to be absorbed. Some plants contain stanols and sterols, which prevent the cholesterol from being absorbed into the blood stream. Examples of cholesterol lowering foods include:
What Foods Help Lower Cholesterol Levels?
There are some foods that have a tendency to increase cholesterol and should be avoided if possible:
What Foods Should You Avoid Because They Raise Cholesterol Levels?
In addition to eating a heart-healthy and cholesterol-lowering diet other lifestyle changes can help lower cholesterol; and therefore, lower the risk of heart attack, stroke and peripheral artery disease.
What Other Lifestyle Changes Help Lower Cholesterol?
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/21/2017
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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is positively associated with a decreased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD).