HIV Transmission and the History of HIV/AIDS Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the HIV Transmission and the History of HIV/AIDS article.

Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: AIDS. AIDS is a disease due to infection with the huma...

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Antiretroviral: An agent or process effective against a retrovirus. For example, a drug to...

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AZT: Azidothymidine, now renamed zidovudine, but still best known by the abbreviation AZT....

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Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic illness: An illness that lasts 3 months or more.

Common cold: A contagious viral upper respiratory tract infection. The common cold can be ...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Feces: The excrement discharged from the 'intestines.

Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.definition of Genital

Gonorrhea: A bacterial infection that is transmitted by sexual contact. Gonorrhea is one o...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Human immunodeficiency virus: HIV, the cause of AIDS. HIV has also previously been called ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.definition of Immune

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunodeficiency: The inability to form a normal immune response. Immunodeficiency can be ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Influenza: Influenza is an acute respiratory illness caused by influenza A or B viruses Mo...

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Mononucleosis: Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, human herpesvirus 4, HHV-4) in...

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Perinatal: Pertaining to the period immediately before and after birth. The perinatal peri...

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Perinatal transmission: Transmission of a disease-causing agent (a pathogen) from mother ...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Quality of life: The patient's ability to enjoy normal life activities. Quality of life is...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process....

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Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a microscopic orga...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment....See the entire definition of Therapy

Tuberculosis: A highly contagious infection caused by the bacterium called Mycobacteriu...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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