Homocysteine Topic Guide
Homocysteine (Blood Test):
Homocysteine is an amino acid produced by the body, usually as a byproduct of consuming meat, fish or dairy. Elevated levels of homocysteine in the blood do not usually cause symptoms, but they raise the risk for heart disease like heart attack and stroke. The cause of high homocysteine levels is usually dietary deficiencies in vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and folic acid. Homocystinuria is a rare genetic condition in which homocysteine is excreted in the urine. Testing generally is done on the newborn if the disease runs in the family. Treatment to lower homocysteine levels is vitamin supplementation.
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Vitamin and Mineral Supplements Minerals and vitamins are nutrients that help facilitate essential bodily functions. There are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble and water-soluble. The symptoms and signs of deficiency depend upon the vitamin or mineral. While excesses of water-soluble vitamins may be excreted in sweat and urine, fat-soluble vitamins can't easily be excreted.
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