Dactylitis is a swelling of fingers and toes.
Also called “sausage digits” because it can cause fingers and toes to look like sausages, treatment for dactylitis depends on the cause. The main form of treatment for dactylitis involves treating the underlying cause.
- Treatment for dactylitis caused by types of spondyloarthritis such as psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis
- JAK inhibitors such as tofacitinib (Xeljanz)
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) for pain
- Local injections of corticosteroids for inflammation
- Treatment for dactylitis caused by infection
- Treatment for dactylitis caused by gout
- Treatment for dactylitis caused by sarcoidosis
- Treatment for dactylitis caused by sickle-cell disease
- Pain medications
- Rest and other measures such as heat packs to ease discomfort
In addition to medical treatments, home remedies for dactylitis may include:
- Cold packs or soaking hands in cold water
- Wearing compression gloves or finger sleeves
- Using warm paraffin wax, icy hot, or other warming treatments
- Keeping fingers moving with crochet or knitting, a stress ball, or flex and release
- Performing range-of-motion exercises
Talk to your doctor before starting any home treatment.
What Are Symptoms of Dactylitis?
Symptoms of dactylitis include digits (fingers and/or toes) characterized by:
- Reduced function
In children with sickle-cell disease, symptoms of dactylitis may be accompanied by:
What Causes Dactylitis?
Dactylitis is caused by uncontrolled inflammation and is associated with a number of different medical conditions, including:
- Spondyloarthritis, including psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis
- Sickle-cell dactylitis, also known as hand-foot syndrome
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