How Do You Get Rid of Dactylitis?

Reviewed on 7/21/2021

Dactylitis causes the fingers and toes to swell, which can make them look like sausages and is therefore termed
Dactylitis causes the fingers and toes to swell, which can make them look like sausages and is therefore termed "sausage digits." Treatment for dactylitis depends on the cause, which can include antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), TNF or interleukin inhibitors, corticosteroid injections, JAK inhibitors, pain medications, and home remedies.

Dactylitis is a swelling of fingers and toes. 

Also called “sausage digits” because it can cause fingers and toes to look like sausages, treatment for dactylitis depends on the cause. The main form of treatment for dactylitis involves treating the underlying cause.

In addition to medical treatments, home remedies for dactylitis may include:

  • Cold packs or soaking hands in cold water
  • Wearing compression gloves or finger sleeves 
  • Using warm paraffin wax, icy hot, or other warming treatments
  • Keeping fingers moving with crochet or knitting, a stress ball, or flex and release
  • Performing range-of-motion exercises 

Talk to your doctor before starting any home treatment. 

What Are Symptoms of Dactylitis?

Symptoms of dactylitis include digits (fingers and/or toes) characterized by:  

  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Tenderness
  • Warmth
  • Tightness 
  • Reduced function

In children with sickle-cell disease, symptoms of dactylitis may be accompanied by:

What Causes Dactylitis?

Dactylitis is caused by uncontrolled inflammation and is associated with a number of different medical conditions, including: 

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Reviewed on 7/21/2021
References
https://creakyjoints.org/

https://dermnetnz.org/topics/dactylitis/

https://rheumatology.medicinematters.com/spondyloarthropathies/psoriatic-arthritis/trials-of-jak-inhibitors-in-spondyloarthritis--a-round-up/16494486

https://sarcoidosisnews.com/musculoskeletal-sarcoidosis/

https://sickle-cell.com/symptoms/dactylitis