There are two types of sinus infections:
- Acute sinusitis
- Has a sudden onset
- Lasts less than eight weeks, or
- Happens no more than three times per year, with each occurrence lasting 10 days or less
- Chronic sinusitis
- The most common type
- Lasts longer than eight weeks, or
- Happens more than four times yearly, and symptoms last more than 20 days
What Are Symptoms of a Sinus Head Cold?
Symptoms of acute sinusitis include:
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Postnasal drip
- Sore throat
- Pain or pressure feeling
- Earache, or feeling of fullness in the ears
- Facial swelling
- Throat itching
- Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
- Loss of sense of smell
Symptoms of chronic sinusitis may include those of acute sinusitis, but the symptoms last longer and/or are more severe. Additional symptoms of chronic sinusitis may include:
Is Sinusitis Contagious?
Causes of sinus head colds (sinus infections or sinusitis) include:
- Viruses (most common cause)
- Allergens or pollutants
- Fungal infection
What Is the Treatment for a Sinus Head Cold?
Sinus head colds (sinus infections or sinusitis) are most often caused by viruses, so most of the time home remedies can be used to relieve symptoms, such as:
- Over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers
- Decongestants or saline nasal sprays
- Talk to your child’s pediatrician before giving pain medicines, decongestants, or any cough and cold medicines to children
- Rinse the nose and sinuses with salt water several times a day
- Use warm compress over the nose and forehead to help relieve sinus pressure
- Breathe in steam from a bowl of hot water or shower
If symptoms are not relieved with home remedies, a steroid nasal spray may be prescribed by your doctor to reduce the swelling in the nose.
If symptoms of a sinus head cold do not improve after 10 days, or you have symptoms such as a fever and severe pain, antibiotics may be needed.
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