Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels): Hypercalcemia (elevated calcium levels) is a condition that can have no symptoms, or severe symptoms if the calcium levels are severely elevated. Conditions associated with hypercalcemia include:
Must Read Articles:
Acute Kidney FailureKidney failure, or the ability of the kidneys to filter water and waste, is caused by prerenal, postrenal, or renal problems with the kidney(s). Symptoms of kidney failure include decreased urine production, confusion, fatigue, lethargy, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, problems concentrating, edema, and a metallic taste in the mouth. Treatment for kidney failure depends upon the cause.
Breast CancerBreast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer in women. Symptoms and signs of breast cancer include breast lumps, nipple discharge or inversion, or changes in the breast's skin. Treatment typically involves some type of surgery and depends upon the staging of the cancer, the tumor type, and the person's health.
HyperparathyroidismHyperparathyroidism is the result of an overproduction of parathyroid hormone (PTH). The exact cause of hyperparathyroidism is not clear in the majority of cases. Symptoms of hyperparathyroidism include abdominal pain, constipation, nausea, kidney stones, and more. Treatment of hyperparathyroidism is generally surgery.
Kidney StonesThe kidney filters waste products and excess water from the body. Sometimes, because of factors that include heredity, diet, and medications, waste products crystallize in the kidney, forming stones. Symptoms include severe pain, sweating, nausea, vomiting, infection, blood in the urine, and others. Treatment includes medications, fluids, and other procedures.
MyelomaMyeloma is a cancer of the plasma cells of the blood. Symptoms include early osteoporosis, hypercalcemia, hyperviscosity of the blood, low red and white blood cell counts, low platelet count, cryoglobulinemia, and amyloidosis. Tests to diagnose multiple myeloma include blood and urine tests, bone marrow examination, X-rays, MRIs, PET scans, and regular monitoring. Multiple myeloma treatment includes chemotherapy, radiation, medications, and stem cell transplantation. Life expectancy for multiple myeloma is a 30% five-year survival rate.
Hyperparathyroidism Hyperparathyroidism is the result of an overproduction of parathyroid hormone (PTH). The exact cause of hyperparathyroidism is not clear in the majority of cases. Symptoms of hyperparathyroidism include abdominal pain, constipation, nausea, kidney stones, and more. Treatment of hyperparathyroidism is generally surgery.