Eye Diseases and Conditions

Picture of Bacterial Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Picture of Pink Eye

Conjunctivitis, or pink eye as it is more commonly known, is a condition that causes inflammation and redness of the lining of the whites of the eyes and membranes surrounding the inner eyelids (conjunctiva). Conjunctivitis may be due to bacterial, viral, allergic, or chemical causes. Children frequently get infectious conjunctivitis, which is highly contagious. It is important to see a doctor after developing pink eye to determine if antibiotic treatment can help. The majority of cases of conjunctivitis are viral, and antibiotics are ineffective in these cases. The discharge emitted by the eyes with viral conjunctivitis is clear and watery. The patient may also have a concurrent cold. Viral conjunctivitis lasts for 7 to 10 days. Conjunctivitis that results from a bacterial infection will be associated with discharge from the eyes that is yellow to green in color. It may even make it difficult to open the eyes upon awakening. Bacterial conjunctivitis lasts for 3 to 5 days. Antibiotic drops are necessary to treat this type of eye infection. A moist, warm washcloth may be used to help remove discharge. Since pink eye is highly contagious, it is advised to avoid sharing eye drops, washcloths, towels, and cosmetics with an infected individual. Those who are infected should avoid touching the infected area so as not to spread infection. Frequent handwashing can reduce the risk of pink eye transmission.

Image Source: Photo courtesy of Tanalai at en.wikipedia

Text Reference: American Academy of Ophthalmology: “Bacterial Conjunctivitis”