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Diseases of Pigment

Picture of Ephelides

Picture of Ephelides

"Ephelides" is the medical term for freckles. The singular form of the word is ephelis. Freckles are dark spots on the skin comprised of the protein melanin. The function of melanin is to protect the skin from the sun. Melanin is produced by specialized skin cells called melanocytes.

Image Source: Image Source: Color Atlas & Synopsis of Pediatric Dermatology Kay Shou-Mei Kane, Jen Bissonette Ryder, Richard Allen Johnson, Howard P. Baden, Alexander Stratigos Copyright 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved.

Text Reference: National Institute on Aging: "Skin Care and Aging"