Picture of Measles
Measles (rubeola) is a viral infection that lasts for 1 to 2 weeks. Cough, fever, runny nose, and watery eyes are the first symptoms to develop. Then, white lesions may form on the inside of the mouth. The measles rash is the next manifestation. The rash consists of flat red spots that form on the face and then spread to other areas of the body. Measles is highly contagious and spreads easily in air droplets with coughing and sneezing. The virus may be associated with rare, but potentially very serious complications including pneumonia, encephalitis, and death. Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a rare, fatal condition that may result months to years (typically 7 to 10 years) after measles infection.
Measles is treated by providing supportive care to relieve symptoms and reduce the risk of secondary bacterial infections. High-dose vitamin A may be given to patients hospitalized with measles. Vaccination can prevent measles.
Text Reference: "Measles." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.