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84. Picture of Pneumothorax

Pneumothorax Illustration
Image Source: MedicineNet, Inc.

Pneumothorax is a condition that results when air gets into the chest wall and the lung collapses. A pneumothorax may occur due to an injury (broken rib, trauma to the chest wall, etc.), smoking, lung disease (asthma, COPD, others), and sometimes even spontaneously.

Pneumothorax is treated by placing a tube into the chest wall to evacuate the air. This allows the lung to expand. If a pneumothorax is sufficiently small, it may resolve on its own without treatment.

Image Source: MedicineNet, Inc.

Text Reference: Pleural Diseases: "Physiological Effects of Pneumothorax and Pleural Effusion"

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