©2018 WebMD, Inc. All rights reserved. eMedicineHealth does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See Additional Information.

Fungal Skin Infections

Picture of Sporotrichosis

Picture of Sporotrichosis

Sporotrichosis is a fungal infection. The organism responsible for the infection is called Sporothrix schenckii, and it lives in contaminated plants or soil. It is found worldwide, but most cases occur in South and Central America. Some outbreaks occur in the United States. To acquire the infection, the fungus needs to enter the skin through a wound. The type of infection shown in the picture is fixed cutaneous sporotrichosis. This form remains confined to the affected skin area and does not spread throughout the lymphatic system. This patient in this picture developed sporotrichosis on the arm and elbow after falling on some rocks that contained the fungus. The crusted plaques that developed at the abrasion sites were found to contain Sporothrix schenckii when cultured.

Source: Color Atlas of Pediatric Dermatology Samuel Weinberg, Neil S. Prose, Leonard Kristal Copyright 2008, 1998, 1990, 1975, by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Text Reference: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: “Sporotrichosis”