Papules, Scales, Plaques and Eruptions

Picture of Xanthomatosis 1

Picture of Xanthomatosis

Xanthomas are skin lesions that contain lipids. Xanthomas are caused by an underlying systemic disorder such as diabetes mellitus, certain kinds of cancers, primary biliary cirrhosis, and disorders that cause elevated cholesterol levels. The photo depicts planar xanthoma that results in yellowish papules on the back of the neck. Xanthomas are categorized by the underlying cause and where they are located on the body. The patient pictured here has biliary cirrhosis.

Image Source: Color Atlas of Pediatric Dermatology Samuel Weinberg, Neil S. Prose, Leonard Kristal Copyright 2008, 1998, 1990, 1975, by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Text Reference: Clinical and Pathological Aspects of Skin Diseases in Endocrine, Metabolic, Nutritional, and Deposition Disease, 1st edition: "Dyslipidemia (Hyperlipidemia)"