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Immunization Schedule, Children (cont.)

Pneumococcal-13 Vaccine

This vaccine will help prevent diseases caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, also called Pneumococcus. This vaccine differs from the pneumococcal-23 vaccine that is typically given to adults.

Meningitis, blood infections, and pneumonia are some serious examples of the diseases caused by Pneumococcus. Likewise, these diseases are some of the most invasive (aggressive and may rapidly spread throughout the body) infections in children.

  • The pneumococcal-13 vaccine is recommended for all children 2 months to 5 years of age. High-risk older children and adults may need further vaccination. The vaccine is to be given together with the other routine shots at ages 2, 4, 6, and 12-15 months. The number of doses depends upon the age at which the first dose is given.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

Hepatitis A is a serious liver disease caused by a virus, which is found in the stool of people with the disease. It is usually spread by close personal contact and sometimes by eating food or drinking water containing the virus.

  • All children aged 12-23 months of age should receive two doses given at least six months apart.
  • Anyone who lives in communities that have prolonged outbreaks of hepatitis A or is traveling to a high-risk geographic location should receive two doses of the vaccine at least six months apart.
  • Specific information regarding high-risk geographic locations is available from local and state health departments and the CDC's web site.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/29/2016

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