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Insomnia (cont.)

What Causes Chronic or Long-Term Insomnia?

The majority of causes of chronic or long-term insomnia are usually linked to an underlying psychiatric or physiologic (medical health) condition.

What Are Mental Health Causes of Insomnia?

The most common mental health problems that may lead to insomnia include:

Insomnia may be an indicator of depression. Many people will have insomnia during the acute phases of a mental illness. As mentioned earlier, depression and anxiety are strongly associated with insomnia and are the most common causes of sleeplessness.

What Are Physical Health Causes of Insomnia?

Physical health causes vary from circadian rhythm disorders (disturbance of the biological clock) and sleep-wake imbalance, to a variety of medical conditions. The following are the most common medical conditions that trigger insomnia:

What Medications Cause Insomnia?

The side effects of certain medications include insomnia, including:

  • Certain over-the-counter cold and asthma preparations.
  • Prescribed medications for upper respiratory congestion.
  • Medications prescribed to treat asthma
  • Steroid medications to treat inflammation
  • Some medications used to treat high blood pressure.
  • Some medications used to treat depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/25/2016

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Insomnia »

Insomnia is defined as repeated difficulty with the initiation, duration, maintenance, or quality of sleep that occurs despite adequate time and opportunity for sleep that results in some form of daytime impairment.

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