Doctor's Notes on Interstitial Lung Disease (Interstitial Pneumonia)
Interstitial lung disease is inflammation in the interstitial tissue of the lungs, the spaces and supportive tissue that surround and separate the air sacs (alveoli), and not the air sacs themselves. Interstitial inflammation typically occurs all over the lungs and is not confined to one location.
Symptoms of interstitial lung disease develop gradually as a result of decreased lung function and may include:
- shortness of breath,
- dry cough, and
- signs of chronically reduced oxygen levels in the blood such as clubbing (a painless enlargement of the fingertips) and an enlarged heart.
Complications of interstitial lung disease include:
- pulmonary hypertension (a type of high blood pressure that affects the arteries within the lungs),
- right-sided heart failure (cor pulmonale), and
- respiratory failure, which can be fatal.
What Is the Treatment for Interstitial Lung Disease?
Treatment for interstitial lung disease depends on many factors, including the cause of the disease and its severity. It is also critical to treat the underlying disease process that caused the condition. In more severe cases, respiratory support, including oxygen or mechanical ventilation, may be required. Smoking cessation is also essential to treatment. In some cases, however, no therapy may be available.
Treatments for interstitial lung disease may include:
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) QuizQuestion
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is the same as adult-onset asthma.See Answer
Must Read Articles:
Bacterial PneumoniaBacterial pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. People with pneumonia usually experience coughing, fever, shortness of breath, and chest pain. Pneumonia is a leading cause of death from infection.
Chemical PneumoniaChemical pneumonia is a type of lung irritation. Many substances can cause chemical pneumonia including liquids, gasses, dust, fumes, and lung aspiration. Symptoms and signs of chemical pneumonia include burning eyes, lips, mouth, throat, dry cough, nausea, abdominal pain, chest pain, headache, and pleuritis. Treatment of chemical pneumonia depends on the toxic and amount of exposure.
Collapsed Lung (Pneumothorax)A collapsed lung or pneumothorax is a condition in which the space between the wall of the chest cavity, the as a result all or a portion of the lung collapses. Types of pneumothorax include tension and simple. Causes of pneumothorax include spontaneous, traumatic, disease and related. Pneumothorax is a life-threatening emergency. Medical care should be sought immediately.
Coughs (Acute and Chronic)A cough is a symptom of an underlying disease or condition. A chronic or persistent cough may signal certain lung conditions that should be evaluated by a healthcare professional. Common causes of coughs include infection, allergies, lung disease, medications, and GERD (reflux). Acute coughs are categorized as infectious or non-infectious. Chronic cough (persistent cough) have a variety of causes and should be evaluated by physician. Treatment of cough, acute cough, chronic or persistent cough depends on the cause of the cough.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)High blood pressure (hypertension) may be present in an individual, without any symptoms. Thus, it is called the "silent killer." Causes of high blood pressure include heart disease, kidney disease, tumors, birth control, alcohol, thyroid dysfunction, and birth control pills.Treatment of high blood pressure is generally through diet, exercise, and medication if necessary.
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)Rheumatoid arthritis, often called RA, is a chronic (long-standing) disease that damages and eventually destroys the joints of the body. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), or juvenile arthritis, is not a single disease but a group of diseases. Symptoms and signs include fever and joint pain, swelling, and stiffness. Treatment focuses on relieving pain, improving function, and preventing joint damage.
Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus)Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by periods of remission and relapse (flares). Symptoms and signs include fatigue, fever, rash, abdominal pain, depression, and muscle pain. Treatment involves using high SPF lotion to prevent sun-induced rashes and may involve taking medications such as hydroxychloroquine, chloroquine, antidepressants, or heparin.
PneumoniaPneumonia is inflammation of one or both lungs with consolidation. Pneumonia is frequently but not always caused by infection. The infection may be bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic. Symptoms may include fever, chills, cough with sputum production, chest pain, and shortness of breath. The pandemic COVID-19 coronavirus causes viral pneumonia in a percentage of people who contract the virus.
Pulmonary HypertensionPulmonary hypertension is an abnormally high pressure in the pulmonary arteries leading from the heart to the lungs. Primary pulmonary hypertension has no underlying condition that has caused this condition. Secondary pulmonary hypertension is caused by other underlying conditions. Treatment depends on the cause of the underlying condition, or the condition of primary pulmonary hypertension.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)Rheumatoid arthritis (often called RA) is a chronic (long-standing) disease that damages the joints of the body. Symptoms and signs of rheumatoid arthritis include joint pain, swelling, inflammation, stiffness, warmth, muscle aches, weakness, fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss, and malaise. Treatment may involve physical therapy, occupational therapy, hydrotherapy, heat and cold treatments, joint replacements, and medications.
Smoking (Cigarette)Cigarette smoking remains the leading cause of death and illness among Americans. Effects of smoking can cause cancers, emphysema, bronchitis, COPD, chronic cough, and more. Smoking cessation includes nicotine replacement therapy and behavioral therapy.
Viral PneumoniaPneumonia is an infection or inflammation of the lungs. It can be in just one part of the lungs, or it can involve many parts. Symptoms of viral pneumonia include low-grade fever, coughing up mucus, tiredness, and muscle aches. A percentage of people who contract the deadly pandemic COVID-19 coronavirus develop severe lung symptoms that may include viral pneumonia. The best treatment for viral pneumonia of any cause is to rest and keep the patient hydrated.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.