What Is Encephalopathy?
Encephalopathy refers to disease or damage of the brain that affects brain function or structure.
For some causes of encephalopathy, the brain changes are reversible and, in some cases, the damage is permanent.
What Are Symptoms of Encephalopathy?
Symptoms of encephalopathy include:
- Altered mental state
- Progressive loss of memory
- Difficulties with cognitive ability
- Subtle personality changes
- Inability to concentrate
- Progressive loss of consciousness
- Neurological symptoms
What Causes Encephalopathy?
Causes of encephalopathy include:
- Metabolic or mitochondrial dysfunction
- Brain tumor
- Increased pressure in the skull
- Prolonged exposure to toxic elements (such as solvents, drugs, radiation, paints, industrial chemicals, and certain metals)
- Chronic progressive trauma
- Poor nutrition
- Lack of oxygen or blood flow to the brain
How Is Encephalopathy Diagnosed?
Encephalopathy is diagnosed with a patient history and physical examination and tests such as:
What Is the Treatment for Encephalopathy?
Treatment for encephalopathy depends on the cause, the type, and the severity and may be aimed at relieving symptoms. Treatments may include:
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