A dislocated knee occurs when the bones that form your knee are out of place. Symptoms and signs include severe pain and swelling. Treatment usually involves relocation, immobilization, and possible reconstruction surgery.
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EdemaEdema is a condition in which fluid builds up in tissues in certain parts of the body causing swelling, pain, redness, and soreness. There are various types of edema. The most common type is peripheral edema, which affects the arms, legs, ankles, and feet. Edema is caused by many diseases and health problems like water retention, lymphedema, blood clots in the leg.
Knee InjuryKnee injuries may be caused by a direct blow to the knee or by twisting or stretching of the ligaments, tendons, and surrounding muscles. Knee pain and swelling are common symptoms and signs of a knee injury. Treatment depends upon the type of knee injury but usually incorporates rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Strengthening exercises and physical therapy may also be necessary.
Knee Joint ReplacementThe procedure of knee joint replacement is called a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This surgery involves replacing your knee joint with a manmade one. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis commonly cause loss of knee function that necessitates a knee joint replacement.
Knee Pain OverviewKnee pain has a wide variety of causes and treatments. Home care for knee pain includes protecting the knee from further trauma, in addition to resting, icing, compressing, and elevating the knee. In order to diagnose knee pain, the doctor may need to perform a physical exam; get a diagnosis with an X-ray, CT scan, or MRI; remove fluid; perform blood tests; or perform an arthroscopy. Treatment of knee pain depends upon the cause of the knee pain.
Pain After SurgeryThough pain after surgery is common, there are ways to minimize and manage this pain. Along with pain medication, patients should stop cigarette smoking and be diligent about managing other existing medical conditions. Careful care of the surgical incision sites should also help prevent infections to the wounds, which prolong pain and are dangerous to the patient.
Pain MedicationsThe effects of pain medication are different for each person. Pain also varies in tolerance as well from person to person. There are several different pain medications such as NSAIDS, acetaminophen, and narcotics. The most commonly prescribed narcotics are morphine (MS Contin, Avinza, Kadain, Oramorph), oxycodone (OxyContin, Roxicodone, M-oxy, ETH-Oxydose, Oxyfast, OxylR), fentanyl (Duragesic, Fentanyl Patch), oxymorphone (Opana), and methadone (Methadose) Narcotic pain medications can lead to physical addiction. Symptoms of physical addiction to narcotics include flu-like symptoms, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, bone aches, feeling like you are "crawling out of your skin," goose bumps, chills, tremor, and difficulty sleeping. These symptoms are all medical concerns and should be treated medically.
- morphine (MS Contin, Avinza, Kadain, Oramorph),
- oxycodone (OxyContin, Roxicodone, M-oxy, ETH-Oxydose, Oxyfast, OxylR),
- fentanyl (Duragesic, Fentanyl Patch),
- oxymorphone (Opana), and
- methadone (Methadose)