Knee injuries may be caused by a direct blow to the knee or by twisting or stretching of the ligaments, tendons, and surrounding muscles. Knee pain and swelling are common symptoms and signs of a knee injury. Treatment depends upon the type of knee injury but usually incorporates rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Strengthening exercises and physical therapy may also be necessary.
Knee pain has a wide variety of causes and treatments. Home care for knee pain includes protecting the knee from further trauma, in addition to resting, icing, compressing, and elevating the knee. In order to diagnose knee pain, the physician may need to perform a physical exam; get an X-ray, CT scan, or MRI; remove fluid; perform blood tests; or perform an arthroscopy.
Treatment of knee pain depends upon the cause of the knee pain.
Knee Injury Topic Guide - Visuals
Knee Injury Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Hydrocodone is an opioid pain medication, sometimes called a narcotic. Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). This medici...learn more »
Hydrocodone is an opioid pain medication, sometimes called a narcotic. Acetaminophen is a less potent pain reliever that increases the effects of hydrocodon...learn more »
Aspirin is a salicylate (sa-LIS-il-ate). It works by reducing substances in the body that cause pain, fever, and inflammation...learn more »
There are many brands and forms of acetaminophen available. Not all brands are listed on this leaflet...learn more »