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Chronic PainChronic pain is pain that persists for a period of six months or longer, and is the result of a long-standing medical condition(s) or damage to the body. Common sources of chronic pain include headaches, back pain, and arthritis. There are several types of pain including general somatic pain, visceral pain, bone pain, muscle cramps, neuropathy, circulatory problems, and headache pain. Chronic pain may be managed with over-the-counter or prescription medications.
Knee DislocationA dislocated knee occurs when the bones that form your knee are out of place. Symptoms and signs include severe pain and swelling. Treatment usually involves relocation, immobilization, and possible reconstruction surgery.
GoutGout is characterized by abnormal uric acid metabolism. Symptoms and signs include a red, hot, swollen joint, and acute pain. Medications for the treatment of gout include NSAIDs, colchicine, corticosteroids, probenecid, allopurinol, and febuxostat. Staying hydrated as well as elevating and applying ice packs to the swollen joint may help to relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
Knee Joint ReplacementThe procedure of knee joint replacement is called a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This surgery involves replacing your knee joint with a manmade one. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis commonly cause loss of knee function that necessitates a knee joint replacement.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a scanner that takes cross-sectional images of the body. It is used to evaluate tissues of the head, neck, chest, limbs, abdomen, and pelvis. MRI is a very safe procedure; sedation may be used for infants, small children, or adults who are claustrophobic.
Minimally Invasive Knee ReplacementMinimally invasive knee replacement is surgery performed with smaller incisions, which reduces the trauma to the tissue, reduces pain, and shortens recovery time. Risks include nerve injury, blood clots, fracture, blood loss, infection after surgery, and improper placement of the components.
Muscle StrainMuscle strain or muscle pull or even a muscle tear implies damage to a muscle or its attaching tendons. Symptoms and signs include swelling, bruising, pain, and weakness. Treatment may involve rest, ice, compression, and elevation in addition to taking anti-inflammatory medications.
OsteoarthritisOsteoarthritis is not a single disease but a culmination of problems that leads to skeletal joint failure. Symptoms include aching, stiffness, and bone enlargement. Diet, exercise, pain medication, and sometimes surgery treat osteoarthritis.
Rheumatoid ArthritisRheumatoid arthritis (often called RA) is a chronic (long-standing) disease that damages the joints of the body. Symptoms and signs of rheumatoid arthritis include joint pain, swelling, inflammation, stiffness, warmth, muscle aches, weakness, fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss, and malaise. Treatment may involve physical therapy, occupational therapy, hydrotherapy, heat and cold treatments, joint replacements, and medications.
Sprains and StrainsAn injury to a ligament is called a sprain, while an injury to a muscle or tendon is called a strain. Symptoms and signs include pain, swelling, bruising, and decreased range of motion. Rest, ice, compression, and elevation of the injury is the standard treatment for sprains and strains.
Knee Pain Topic Guide - Visuals
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Knee Pain Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Hydrocodone is an opioid pain medicine. Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). This combination medicine is used short-ter...learn more »
Acetaminophen and hydrocodone is a combination medicine used to relieve moderate to severe pain...learn more »
Aspirin is a salicylate (sa-LIS-il-ate) that is used to treat pain, and reduce fever or inflammation...learn more »
Acetaminophen is used to reduce fever and relieve minor pain caused by conditions such as colds or flu, headache, muscle aches, arthritis, and menstrual cram...learn more »