Doctor's Notes on Labyrinthitis
Labyrinthitis is inflammation of an inner ear structure called the labyrinth. The labyrinth is a collection of interconnected fluid-filled channels and canals. Part of the labyrinth sends information to the brain regarding the position and movement of your head. Any disturbance of the vestibule can lead to faulty information going to your brain.
Common symptoms of labyrinthitis include a spinning sensation (vertigo), nausea, vomiting, and loss of balance. Other symptoms of labyrinthitis may include a mild headache, ringing in the ears (tinnitus), and hearing loss. Symptoms may worsen when the head is moved, or when you sit up or roll over, or look upward. Depending on the cause and severity, symptoms may last days or weeks.
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Benign Paroxysmal Positional VertigoBenign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common cause of vertigo. Causes of BPPV include infections, nerve inflammation, ear surgery complications, medication side effects, and more. Treatment may be with medication or therapy with health care professionals specializing in BPPV disorders.
Meniere's DiseaseMeniere's disease is a syndrome in which you experience episodes of: spinning vertigo (sense of the room spinning), hearing loss, and tinnitus (ringing in the ear).
VertigoVertigo, a feeling or perception that the environment around you is moving or spinning can be caused by inner ear inflammation, Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Meniere's disease, migraine, tumor, head trauma, or multiple sclerosis. Typical symptoms of true vertigo include nausea, sweating, vomiting, and abnormal eye movements. Treatment depends upon the cause of vertigo.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.