Doctor's Notes on Laryngeal Cancer
Laryngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the larynx, usually due to abnormal squamous cells that line the larynx. Signs and symptoms of laryngeal cancer are
- a sore throat that does not go away,
- ear pain,
- a change or hoarseness in your voice,
- a lump in the neck or throat,
- and/or difficulty or pain when swallowing.
What Are the Treatments for Laryngeal Cancer?
The treatment options for laryngeal cancer may include one or more of the following, alone or in combination:
Surgery (with or without radiation therapy)
- Endoscopic resection
- Partial laryngectomy
- Total laryngectomy
- Radiation therapy
- Immunotherapy with pembrolizumab or nivolumab
- Targeted therapy (for example, cetuximab)
Clinical trials may be suggested by your doctors to join; these trials are ways to determine the effects of new treatments that may help address your laryngeal cancer.
Must Read Articles:
Cancer of the Mouth and ThroatCancer of the mouth and throat may look like an ulcer or a sore on the tongue, lips, inside lining of the cheeks, and other structures. Tobacco use, sun exposure, and human papillomavirus (HPV) are just some risk factors for mouth and throat cancer. Treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and targeted therapy. The prognosis of mouth and throat cancer depends on many factors.
Is Laryngitis Contagious?Laryngitis caused by an infection can be contagious. Laryngitis, or inflammation of the vocal cords that causes hoarseness or voice loss, can also be caused by allergies, shouting or environmental irritants and is not contagious in these cases.
Laryngeal Cancer and Papillomatosis in ChildrenIn laryngeal cancer, malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the larynx. It's the part of the throat that has the vocal cords and is used in breathing, swallowing, and talking. Rhabdomyosarcoma (a malignant tumor of muscle) is the most common type of laryngeal cancer in children. Squamous cell carcinoma is a less common type of laryngeal cancer in children.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.