- What Is Laryngeal Cancer?
- What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Laryngeal Cancer in Children?
- How Do Doctors Diagnose Laryngeal Cancer in Children?
- What Is the Treatment for Laryngeal Cancer in Children?
- What Is Papillomatosis?
- What Is the Treatment for Papillomatosis in Children?
- Laryngeal Cancer and Papillomatosis in Children Topic Guide
- Doctor's Notes on Laryngeal Cancer and Papillomatosis in Children Symptoms
What Is Laryngeal Cancer?
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Laryngeal Cancer in Children?
How Do Doctors Diagnose Laryngeal Cancer in Children?
Tests to diagnose and stage laryngeal cancer may include the following:
- Physical exam and history.
- MRI of the head and neck.
- CT scan.
- Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy.
Other tests used to diagnose laryngeal cancer include the following:
Laryngoscopy: A procedure to look at the larynx (voice box) for abnormal areas. A mirror or a laryngoscope (a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing) is inserted through the mouth to see the larynx. A special tool on the laryngoscope may be used to remove samples of tissue. The tissues samples are viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer.
Barium swallow: A series of x-rays of the esophagus and stomach. The patient drinks a liquid that contains barium (a silver-white metallic compound). The liquid coats the esophagus and stomach, and x-rays are taken. This procedure is also called an upper GI series.
What Is the Treatment for Laryngeal Cancer in Children?
Treatment of laryngeal cancer in children may include the following:
What Is Papillomatosis?
What Is the Treatment for Papillomatosis in Children?
Treatment of papillomatosis in children may include the following:
- Laser surgery for papillomatosis and other benign tumors.
For papillomas that come back after being removed by laser surgery four times in one year, treatment may include:
- Immunotherapy, such as interferon or vaccine therapy.
- Laser surgery combined with targeted therapy using bevacizumab.
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The website of the National Cancer Institute (https://www.cancer.gov)
Last updated Oct. 6, 2017