Doctor's Notes on Leg Pain
Leg pain refers to pain that arises due to damage or injury to any of the structures in the leg, including bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, blood vessels, nerves, muscles, skin, and supporting tissues. As such, there can be many causes of leg pain. Trauma or injury, either as a result of an accident or repetitive overuse, is a common cause of leg pain. Other causes can include vascular disease, arthritis conditions, spinal stenosis, and peripheral neuropathy.
Signs and symptoms of leg pain depend on the exact cause. Symptoms can include pain with walking, gait disturbances, inability to fully move the joints, swelling, redness, stiffness, or feelings of tingling or burning. The pain may be worsened or relieved with movement. Other associated signs and symptoms can include deformity of abnormal appearance of the limb, muscle cramps, instability of a joint, or pain in the low back or buttocks.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.