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Bone Fracture (Broken Bone)Fractures occur when bone cannot withstand the outside forces applied to the bone. Fractures can be open or closed. Types of fractures include: greenstick, spiral, comminuted, transverse, compound, or vertebral compression. Common fractures include: stress fracture, compression fracture, rib fracture, and skull fracture. Treatment depends upon the type of fracture.
Broken FootBroken bones (also called fractures) in the foot are very common. A fracture of the foot is caused by trauma to the bones of the foot from accidents or repeated stress on the foot bones. The most common symptom of a broken foot is pain. Other symptoms include bruising or redness, deformity of the toes, and the inability to walk on the affected foot.
C Reactive Protein Blood Test (CRP)C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker of inflammation somewhere in the body. When there is inflammation in the body, the CRP levels increase. Elevated c-reactive protein levels in the blood have been associated with increased risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.
Blood Clot in the LegsDeep vein thrombosis (blood clot in the leg, DVT) is a blood clot imbedded in one of the major veins of the lower body, including the legs, thighs, or pelvis. Disease and conditions that put you at risk of DVT are many, and include heart disease, heart attack, heart failure, pregnancy, estrogen therapy, prolonged periods of immobility, for example, sitting while traveling or confined to bed, trauma, being overweight, cancer, respiratory conditions, and advanced age. Symptoms of DVT include redness and warmth to the touch, leg swelling, pain or tenderness in the leg, redness or discoloration of the skin on the leg, leg cramps, edema, and pain. Treatment for a blood clot in the leg include medications, a vena cava filter, and graduated compression stockings. . You can prevent blood clots in the leg by moving around during prolonged periods of immobility, taking your medicine as your doctor has prescribed, getting up and moving as soon as possible after surgery or an illness (this lowers your chances of getting DVT), and exercising your leg muscles during long trips (particularly the lower leg muscles).
Peripheral Vascular DiseasePeripheral vascular disease (PVD or peripheral artery disease) refers to any disease or disorder of the circulatory system outside of the brain and heart. Common causes of peripheral vascular disease include blood clots, diabetes, inflammation of the arteries, infection, structural defects, and injury. Symptoms of peripheral artery disease include buttock pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness in the legs, burning or aching pain in the feet or toes while resting, a sore on a leg or a foot that will not heal, one or both legs or feet feel cold or change color (pale, bluish, dark reddish), loss of hair on the legs, and impotence. Tests are used to diagnose peripheral vascular disease. Treatment guidelines include medication, lifestyle changes, and if necessary, surgical intervention.
Sprains and StrainsAn injury to a ligament is called a sprain, while an injury to a muscle or tendon is called a strain. Symptoms and signs include pain, swelling, bruising, and decreased range of motion. Rest, ice, compression, and elevation of the injury is the standard treatment for sprains and strains.
Leg Pain Topic Guide - Visuals
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Leg Pain Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins
Acetaminophen is a pain reliever and a fever reducer. There are many brands and forms of acetaminophen available. Not all brands are listed on this leaflet...learn more »