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Symptoms and Signs of Liver Transplant

Doctor's Notes on Liver Transplant

Liver transplants are needed when the liver is damaged so severely it impairs a person's health and quality of life. Liver disease severe enough to require a liver transplant can come from many causes. The most common diseases that can lead to a need for a liver transplant in adults include cirrhosis from alcoholism, hepatitis C, and biliary disease. In children and adolescents younger than 18 years, the most common reason for liver transplantation is biliary atresia, which is an incomplete development of the bile ducts.

Symptoms of liver disease include yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), itching, dark tea-colored urine, gray- or clay-colored bowel movements, an abnormal buildup of fluid in the abdomen (ascites), vomiting of blood, blood in the stool, tendency to bleed, mental confusion, and forgetfulness.

Medical Author: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Medically Reviewed on 3/21/2019


Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.