Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is a procedure used to treat mild to moderate dysplasia of the cervix (cervical dysplasia, precancerous changes to the cervix). LEEP is also referred to as arge loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ). Typically dysplasia is diagnosed through colposcopy and/or biopsies. LEEP is performed in a doctor's office or outpatient surgery senter. Few women suffer complications from LEEP procedure.
Cervical dysplasia is the presence of precancerous changes in the cells of the lining of the cervix. Cervical dysplasia is classified by two terms, squamous intraepithelial lesion and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. The cause of cervical dysplasia is infection with the HPV virus (human papilloma virus). An HPV infection that does not resolve on it's own can lead to genital warts, cervical dysplasia, and cervical cancer. The treatment of cervical dysplasia depends on the severity (mild, moderate, or severe).