Doctor's Notes on Lyme Disease
Lyme disease (also called Lyme infection or borreliosis) is a bacterial illness transmitted to humans from the bite of deer ticks (Ixodes ticks) carrying the Borrelia burgdorferi bacterium. Lyme disease is most commonly found in the Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, North Central, and Pacific coastal regions of the U.S. and in Europe.
Early symptoms of Lyme disease develop within three to 30 days after a tick bite and include fever, chills, headache, fatigue, muscle and joint aches, swollen lymph nodes, and feeling unwell (malaise). A rash that is warm to the touch but is not painful or itchy may also occur. In some people, the rash can appear as a target with multiple rings called a “bull's-eye” lesion. Symptoms in children are similar, though younger children are more likely to have skin lesions on the head or neck and older children on the extremities. Days to months later, additional serious symptoms of Lyme disease may occur and can include facial palsy (Bell's palsy), meningitis, nerve inflammation, shooting pains that may interfere with sleep and cause insomnia, muscle weakness, brain swelling (encephalitis), intermittent episodes of arthritis, pain in the tendons/muscles/bones, shortness of breath, heart palpitations or an irregular heartbeat, dizziness or passing out, inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, and short-term memory problems.
Rheumatoid Arthritis : What is Rheumatoid Arthritis? QuizQuestion
The term arthritis refers to stiffness in the joints.See Answer
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Fever (in Adults)A fever is a body temperature of 100.4 F or greater. A fever may be caused by a virus, bacteria, fungus, blood clot, tumor, drug, or the environment. Treatment of fever in adults usually involves ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin.
Insect Bites and StingsInsect stings and bites are common. Common symptoms include: pain, swelling, redness, and itching. Treatment of insect stings and bites depends on the type of insect. Some may require home remedies such as anti-inflammatory agents, antibiotics, and in some cases, surgery.
Skin Rashes in ChildrenSkin rashes in children may be categorized as bacterial, viral, life-threatening, fungal, and parasitic rashes. Oftentimes, the associated symptoms help establish the diagnosis. Treatment depends upon the type of rash and the severity of the signs and symptoms.
TicksThere are more than 800 species of ticks worldwide. Ticks transmit diseases such as Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Q fever, tularemia, babesiosis, and ehrlichiosis. Tick bite symptoms include fever, rash, weakness, nausea and vomiting. Treatment involves removing the tick with tweezers, cleaning the bite area with soap and water, and applying antibiotics to the bite.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.